Terrorist Invisible Attack

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Terrorism in Pakistan has become a great problem. From the summer of until late , more than 1, people were killed in suicide and other attacks on civilians [] for reasons attributed to a number of causes — sectarian violence between Sunni and Shia Muslims ; easy availability of guns and explosives; the existence of a " Kalashnikov culture"; an influx of ideologically driven Muslims based in or near Pakistan , who originated from various nations around the world and the subsequent war against the pro-Soviet Afghans in the s which blew back into Pakistan; the presence of Islamist insurgent groups and forces such as the Taliban and Lashkar-e-Taiba.


The Invisible Biryani

On July 2, in Lahore , 50 Muslim scholars of the Sunni Ittehad Council SIC issued a collective fatwa against suicide bombings, the killing of innocent people, bomb attacks, and targeted killings declaring them as Haraam or forbidden. The report titled The Age of the Wolf found that during that period, "more people have been killed in America by non-Islamic domestic terrorists than jihadists.

Its influence ranges from the Ku Klux Klan and neo-Nazi groups to the anti-government militia and sovereign citizen movements. By the s, the movement had been infected with anti-Semitism , and eventually Christian Identity theology diverged from traditional Anglo-Israelism, and developed what is known as the "two seed" theory. They hold themselves to "God's laws", not to "man's laws", and they do not feel bound to a government that they consider run by Jews and the New World Order.

Israel has had problems with Jewish religious terrorism. For Amir, killing Rabin was an exemplary act that symbolized the fight against an illegitimate government that was prepared to cede Jewish Holy Land to the Palestinians. The perpetrators of acts of terrorism can be individuals, groups, or states. According to some definitions, clandestine or semi-clandestine state actors may carry out terrorist acts outside the framework of a state of war. These groups benefited from the free flow of information and efficient telecommunications to succeed where others had failed.

Over the years, much research has been conducted to distill a terrorist profile to explain these individuals' actions through their psychology and socio-economic circumstances. Some security organizations designate these groups as violent non-state actors.

Krueger found that terrorists were less likely to come from an impoverished background 28 percent vs. Another analysis found only 16 percent of terrorists came from impoverished families, vs. A study into the poverty-stricken conditions and whether or not,terrorists are more likely to come from here,show that people who grew up in these situations tend to show aggression and frustration towards others. This theory is largely debated for the simple fact that just because one is frustrated,does not make them a potential terrorist. To avoid detection, a terrorist will look, dress, and behave normally until executing the assigned mission.

Some claim that attempts to profile terrorists based on personality, physical, or sociological traits are not useful. Groups not part of the state apparatus of in opposition to the state are most commonly referred to as a "terrorist" in the media. A state can sponsor terrorism by funding or harboring a terrorist group. Opinions as to which acts of violence by states consist of state-sponsored terrorism vary widely. When states provide funding for groups considered by some to be terrorist, they rarely acknowledge them as such. Civilization is based on a clearly defined and widely accepted yet often unarticulated hierarchy.

Violence done by those higher on the hierarchy to those lower is nearly always invisible, that is, unnoticed. When it is noticed, it is fully rationalized. Violence done by those lower on the hierarchy to those higher is unthinkable, and when it does occur it is regarded with shock, horror, and the fetishization of the victims. As with "terrorism" the concept of "state terrorism" is controversial.

If States abused their power, they should be judged against international conventions dealing with war crimes , international human rights law , and international humanitarian law.

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The use of force by states is already thoroughly regulated under international law". State terrorism has been used to refer to terrorist acts committed by governmental agents or forces. This involves the use of state resources employed by a state's foreign policies, such as using its military to directly perform acts of terrorism. He argues that "the use of terror tactics is common in international relations and the state has been and remains a more likely employer of terrorism within the international system than insurgents.

In this analysis, state terrorism exhibited as a form of foreign policy was shaped by the presence and use of weapons of mass destruction , and the legitimizing of such violent behavior led to an increasingly accepted form of this behavior by the state. For example, taking and executing civilian hostages or extrajudicial elimination campaigns are commonly considered "terror" or terrorism, for example during the Red Terror or the Great Terror. The connection between terrorism and tourism has been widely studied since the Luxor massacre in Egypt. The attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, , were the symbolic epicenter, which marked a new epoch in the use of civil transport against the main power of the planet.

State sponsors have constituted a major form of funding; for example, Palestine Liberation Organization , Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine and other groups considered to be terrorist organizations, were funded by the Soviet Union.

Terror's 'invisible women' - Los Angeles Times

Other major sources of funding include kidnapping for ransoms, smuggling including wildlife smuggling , [] fraud, and robbery. The Financial Action Task Force is an inter-governmental body whose mandate, since October , has included combating terrorist financing. Terrorist attacks are often targeted to maximize fear and publicity, usually using explosives or poison. Communications occur through modern telecommunications , or through old-fashioned methods such as couriers. There is concern about terrorist attacks employing weapons of mass destruction. Terrorism is a form of asymmetric warfare , and is more common when direct conventional warfare will not be effective because opposing forces vary greatly in power.

The context in which terrorist tactics are used is often a large-scale, unresolved political conflict. The type of conflict varies widely; historical examples include:. Responses to terrorism are broad in scope. They can include re-alignments of the political spectrum and reassessments of fundamental values. The term " counter-terrorism " has a narrower connotation, implying that it is directed at terrorist actors. According to a report by Dana Priest and William M. Arkin in The Washington Post , "Some 1, government organizations and 1, private companies work on programs related to counterterrorism, homeland security and intelligence in about 10, locations across the United States.

America's thinking on how to defeat radical Islamists is split along two very different schools of thought. Republicans, typically follow what is known as the Bush Doctrine, advocate the military model of taking the fight to the enemy and seeking to democratize the Middle East. Democrats, by contrast, generally propose the law enforcement model of better cooperation with nations and more security at home.

Sometimes, the more force is used, the less effective it is The more successful the counterinsurgency is, the less force can be used and the more risk must be accepted Sometimes, doing nothing is the best reaction. However, it does not address the fact that terrorists are mostly homegrown.

Terrorism research, called terrorism and counter-terrorism research, is an interdisciplinary academic field which seeks to understand the causes of terrorism, how to prevent it as well as its impact in the broadest sense. There are several academic journals devoted to the field. One of the agreements that promote the international legal anti-terror framework is the Code of Conduct Towards Achieving a World Free of Terrorism that was adopted at the 73rd session of the United Nations General Assembly in Its main goal is to implement a wide range of international commitments to counter terrorism and establish a broad global coalition towards achieving a world free of terrorism by The Code was signed by more than 70 countries.

Mass media exposure may be a primary goal of those carrying out terrorism, to expose issues that would otherwise be ignored by the media. Some consider this to be manipulation and exploitation of the media.

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The Internet has created a new channel for groups to spread their messages. The United Nations has created its own online counter-terrorism resource. The mass media will, on occasion, censor organizations involved in terrorism through self-restraint or regulation to discourage further terrorism.

This may encourage organizations to perform more extreme acts of terrorism to be shown in the mass media. Conversely James F. Pastor explains the significant relationship between terrorism and the media, and the underlying benefit each receives from the other. There is always a point at which the terrorist ceases to manipulate the media gestalt. A point at which the violence may well escalate, but beyond which the terrorist has become symptomatic of the media gestalt itself.

Terrorism as we ordinarily understand it is innately media-related.

Off-The-Record: Invisible Enemies - How to fight 21st century security threats

Former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher famously spoke of the close connection between terrorism and the media, calling publicity 'the oxygen of terrorism'. Jones and Libicki created a list of all the terrorist groups they could find that were active between and They found Law enforcement took out 40 percent. Ten percent won. Only 20 groups, 7 percent, were destroyed by military force.

Forty-two groups became large enough to be labeled an insurgency; 38 of those had ended by Of those, 47 percent converted to nonviolent political actors.

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Only 5 percent were taken out by law enforcement. To avoid that, the rules of engagement must be conscious of collateral damage and work to minimize it.

These headlines and ledes are curiously passive

Another researcher, Audrey Cronin, lists six primary ways that terrorist groups end: []. The following terrorism databases are or were made publicly available for research purposes, and track specific acts of terrorism:. The following public report and index provides a summary of key global trends and patterns in terrorism around the world.

The following publicly available resources index electronic and bibliographic resources on the subject of terrorism. The following terrorism databases are maintained in secrecy by the United States Government for intelligence and counter-terrorism purposes:. Jones and Libicki includes a table of terrorist groups active between and with their status as of still active, splintered, converted to nonviolence, removed by law enforcement or military, or won.

These data are not in a convenient machine-readable format but are available. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Terrorist disambiguation. History Incidents. By ideology.

Violent extremism Ethnic violence Militia movement Resistance movement. Methods Tactics.